Gir National Park

The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary which is also known as Sasan-Gir, and गिर वन. It is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near Talala Gir in Gujarat, India. Established in 1965, with a total area of 1,412 km2 for the complete protected area of the national park and 1,153km2 for the Sanctuary. Its ecological region is that of Kathiawar - Gir dry deciduous forests, which not only includes Kathiawar Peninsula, where the forest is situated, but also other places, like Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan.

Its region is the sole home of the Asiatic lion in the forest, and is considered to be one of the most crucial protected areas in Asia due to its maintained species. The ecosystem of Gir, with its various flora and fauna, is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists and NGOs. The forest region of Gir were the hunting grounds of the Nawabs of Junagadh. However, faced with a major drop for the lion population in Gir, Nawab Sir Muhammad Rasul Khanji Babi announced Gir as a "protected" area in 1900. His son, Nawab Muhammad Mahabat Khan III later assisted in the preservation of the lions whose population had droped to only 20 through thrashing for trophy hunting.


  • The land of the Asiatic lion is the perfect reserve for the enormous variants of wild creatures to roam freely and safely. To make a royal journey towards the grand strong hills of Sasan Gir, the wildlife lovers can get a fab opportunity to witness around 2,375 distinct fauna species of Gir to include around 38 species of mammals, 300 species of birds, 37 species of reptiles and more than 2,000 species of insects.
  • The group of the carnivores in Gir truly consists of the presence of Asiatic lions, Indian Leopards, Indian Cobras, Indian Mongoose, Jungle cats, Golden Jackals, Sloth bears, Indian Palm Civets, Striped Hyenas and Ratels. Desert cats and Rusty-spotted cats also exist in Gir National Park but can be rarely seen.
  • The main herbivores kind of the residents of Gir are Chital, Nilgai (or Blue bull), Sambar, Four-horned Chinkara, Antelope and Wild boar. Blackbucks from the surrounding area can be seen at times in the sanctuary.
  • The group of smaller mammals will also include Porcupine and Hare where Pangolin is rare in Gir sanctuary. The reptiles are pictured by the Marsh crocodile Gir Tortoise and the Monitor Lizard in the water areas of the sanctuary. Snakes and Pythons too can be discovered in the rich bushes and along the streams. Gir has been used by the Gujarat State Forest Department which formed the Indian Crocodile Conservation Project in 1977, where the area is also flourished with more than 300 species of birds. The animate being group of birds has 6 recorded species of Vultures. Some of the typical species of Gir include Brown Fish Owl, Rock Bush-Quail, Crested Hawk-eagle, Crested Serpent Eagle, endangered Bonelli's Eagle, Pygmy Woodpecker, Indian Eagle-Owl, Black-headed Oriole, Crested Treeswift and Indian Pitta.

Flora in Sasan Gir :-

In Gir, most of the area is formed of rugged hills, with high ridges and densely forested valleys, wide grassland plateaus, and isolated hilltops. Around half of the forested area of the park is being filled with teak forest, with other floral varieties like timru, dhavdo, khair, amla, and many others. The other half is non-teak forest, with khakhro, samai, simal and asundro jambu, amli, umro, vad and kalam; mostly deciduous and evergreen trees. The river Hiran is the only one to flow round the year; with rest of the inflows being seasonal.

Safari Timing:-
Daily game drives in Open 4WD safari vehicles
  1. 06:30 AM to 08:30 AM,
  2. 08:30 AM to 10:30 AM and
  3. 03:00 PM to 05:30 PM.
  4. Park opening time to visit at its best season- mid Oct till mid June
Other Attractive Activities :-

  1. Bird Watching
  2. Devliya Safari Park
  3. The Maldharis Tribe Visit
  4. The Siddis Tribal Visit
  5. Crocodile Breeding

Travel Information:-
  • By Air : The closest airport is located at Diu at the distance of 92kms from the reserve area and Rajkot will be next favorable airport to Gir located at the distance of 160 kms. From Mumbai, the tourists can catch the flights to these two destinations towards Gir.
  • By Rail : One can catch rail to Junagadh from Ahmadabad or Rajkot and then take a road trip by bus or taxi.
  • By Road : From Junagadh the Gie National Park is at a distance of 60km, the most common base for making a visit, and 360 kms away from Ahmadabad. The main center is at Sasan Gir, and has a forest guest house well-kept by the park, just opposite the railway station for the tourists that come across.


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